Andrés Fernández, División de Política Monetaria, Banco Central de Chile
Presenta: Andrés Fernández (Ph.D. in Economics, Rutgers University; Gerente de Estudios Económicos, División de Política Monetaria, Banco Central de Chile)
Lugar y hora: 4 de septiembre, 12:30 hrs. Sala P-301, Edificio Placa (Diagonal Paraguay 257)
Coautores: Miguel Acosta-Henao y Laura Alfaro
Resumen: Much debate remains on capital controls as useful policy instruments. This is partly due to the lack of empirical studies that look at the intensive margin of controls. This, in turn, has prevented a quantitative assessment of models of optimal capital controls in terms of their empirical performance when accounting for the observed behaviour of controls. We contribute to this debate by addressing both positive and normative features of capital controls. On the positive side, using a new dataset built using textual analysis, we document the key stylized facts of capital controls along the intensive and extensive margins for 21 emerging markets. We show that capital controls are ”sticky” in the sense that, conditional on being used, their changes occur rather infrequently, with large heterogeneity in their intensity, and display very little mean reversion. Moreover, controls have not been used systematically across time or countries. On the normative side, we show that capital control models relying on pecuniary externalities are unable to account for this stickiness. We propose an extension to this set up that postulates an Ss-type cost of implementing capital controls, and show that it can bring the model closer to the data. These costs reduce the welfare-enhancing effects of capital controls by as much as half, compared to the Ramsey benchmark with no Ss costs. While we do not microfound such costs, we conclude with a discussion of their potential causes which calls for a richer set of policy constraints when considering an optimal use of capital controls.
Datos del Evento
04 de Septiembre, 2019 | 12:30 hrs.
Fecha de término
04 de Septiembre, 2019 | 13:30 hrs.