Felipe González, Universidad Católica de Chile

Seminario: “Chile's missing students: Dictatorship, higher education, and social mobility”


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AbstractHostile policies towards higher education are a prominent feature of authoritarian regimes. We study the capture of higher education by the military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet in Chile following the 1973 coup. We find three main results: (i) Cohorts that reached college age shortly after the coup experienced a large drop in college enrolment, mostly as a result of the persistent reduction in the number of openings for incoming students decreed by the regime; (ii) these cohorts had worse economic outcomes throughout the life cycle and struggled to climb up the socioeconomic ladder, especially women; (iii) children with parents in the affected cohorts have higher dropout rates in secondary and a lower probability of college enrolment. These results demonstrate that the political capture of higher education in non-democracies hinders social mobility and leads to a persistent reduction in human capital accumulation, even after democratization.


Datos del Seminario

Fecha de inicio:
24 de Abril, 2020 | 12:00 hrs.

Fecha de término
24 de Abril, 2020 | 14:00 hrs.