25 Abril, 2020

Revisa aquí Video del Seminario: “Chile's missing students: Dictatorship, higher education, and social mobility”

Revisa a continuación Video del Seminario “Chile's missing students: Dictatorship, higher education, and social mobility”(co-autores M.A. Bautista, L. Martínez, P. Muñoz, y M. Prem), presentado por Felipe González (Ph.D. in Economics, University of California, Berkeley; Profesor asistente, Universidad Católica de Chile.

Abstract: Hostile policies towards higher education are a prominent feature of authoritarian regimes. We study the capture of higher education by the military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet in Chile following the 1973 coup. We find three main results: (i) Cohorts that reached college age shortly after the coup experienced a large drop in college enrolment, mostly as a result of the persistent reduction in the number of openings for incoming students decreed by the regime; (ii) these cohorts had worse economic outcomes throughout the life cycle and struggled to climb up the socioeconomic ladder, especially women; (iii) children with parents in the affected cohorts have higher dropout rates in secondary and a lower probability of college enrolment. These results demonstrate that the political capture of higher education in non-democracies hinders social mobility and leads to a persistent reduction in human capital accumulation, even after democratization.

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